Origin of CKP Surnames

Category: History
Published: Tuesday, 04 February 2014 16:28

Of the family names originally belonging to the Chandraseniya Kayastha Prabhus the following have been admittedly adopted the Marathas:

(1) Gurude (2) Ranadive (3) Tambe (4) Thakare (5) Bhishe (6) Tungare (7) Dalvi  (8) Korde (9) Vaidya (10) Patankar (11) Raje and (12) Dabir

It would be impossible to prevent any family from adopting the surnames of their Patrons, masters or employers, and the process is very conspicuous among the Parsees among whom we have, Petits, Wellingtons, Coopers, Meadows, Ash burners, and others, but the fact that authors of the community adopting the names of the superior sect, admitting the adoption deserves to be recorded. [Compare Shelke's Vaunshavali, and Dhairavo's Shannavakuli, published respectfully in Pune and Mumbai.

One peculiar trait of this community is the acquisition of land or hereditary Vatans ; they seem to have domiciled themselves wherever they could succeed in obtaining possession of land ; and they pride in assuming official designations for their families, dropping the surname but retaining its tradition and its gotra for religious or matrimonial purposes. As an instance, a short sketch of the members of one family from Dabhol, who are Jayawants is sufficient. From a family tree in the possession of Mr. R. N. .Inamdar, the Honorary Magistrate of Poona it appears that during the last 5 or 6 hundred years the descendants of one man named Lingo Shankar have acquired residence in 25 places and are known by 19 family names.

    Tungar
    Shringarpur
    Rajapur
    Yeshwantgad
    Yeshwi
    Duragawadi
    Satara
    Mulher
    Mahad
    Guralji
    Pune
    Mawal
    Thana
    Charai
    Baroda
    Bassein
    Shahapur
    Kohocb
    Mumbai
    Hyderabad
    Panvel
    Gandagar
    Kolhapur
    Indapur
    Chaool
    Dhabol

And that the direct representatives of that single person are this day known as
    Javale
    Tungare
    Jayawant
    Shriugarpure
    Tipnis
    Karkhanis
    Fadnis
    Chitnis
    Inamdar
    Adhikari
    Yeshwikar
    Duruoravadikar
    Deshpande
    Mulherkar
    Rajapurkar
    Mahadker
    Patil
    Kohochkar and
    Kulkarni

Of these 19 family names 9 are derived from the domiciles and 9 from official designations while the remaining one is surname. The family names given in the beginning have been adopted during pre-historic period and many have lost their meaning, but the following is mere guesswork or intrusion into the science of philology. No traditions exist as to their origin:

    Gurude - Eagles among men. The headmen or chieftain. Those with the Kagle on their flag.
    Gupte - It is from Gupti the Sword-stick.
    Bahire - Deaf.
    Dalvi - From dal (army) commandants.
    Nachane - From nachani a kind of grain or nach dance.
    Dixit - Performers of the great horse sacrifice.
    Gadkari Commandants of Fort.
    Kshipre - alias Raje Rulers of the tract watered by the Kshipra, a river in Malwa.
    Shathe - From Shat "cunning."
    Jayawant - The Victorious.
    Pradban - Ministers.
    Ranadive - The lights of the battle-field.
    Phanse - The Jack-fruit which is "outwardly rough but inwardly soft."
    Vaidya Physicians.
    Likhite - Writers.
    Vivade - Discussers. Ambassadors.
    Vaghule - The bat-like [compare, fable of changing sides in battles.]
    Chitre - The beautiful "like a picture."
    Muke - Dumb.
    Chaubal - Commanders-in-Chief.